XRN1 / YGL173C Overview

Standard Name
XRN1 1
Systematic Name
KEM1 13 , DST2 14 , RAR5 15 , SEP1 16 , SKI1 17
Feature Type
ORF , Verified
Evolutionarily-conserved 5'-3' exonuclease; deNADding enzyme that modulates mitochondrial NAD-capped RNA; component of cytoplasmic P-bodies involved in mRNA decay; positively regulates transcription initiation and elongation; involved in microtubule-mediated processes, filamentous growth, ribosomal RNA maturation, telomere maintenance, and tRNA intron turnover; negative regulator of autophagy; activated by scavenger decapping enzyme Dcs1p; role in preventing L-A mycovirus pathogenesis 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Name Description
eXoRiboNuclease 1
Comparative Info
Sequence Details


The S. cerevisiae Reference Genome sequence is derived from laboratory strain S288C. Download DNA or protein sequence, view genomic context and coordinates. Click "Sequence Details" to view all sequence information for this locus, including that for other strains.

Protein Details


Basic sequence-derived (length, molecular weight, isoelectric point) and experimentally-determined (median abundance, median absolute deviation) protein information. Click "Protein Details" for further information about the protein such as half-life, abundance, domains, domains shared with other proteins, protein sequence retrieval for various strains, physico-chemical properties, protein modification sites, and external identifiers for the protein.

Length (a.a.)
Mol. Weight (Da)
Isoelectric Point
Median Abundance (molecules/cell)
12660 +/- 4228
Half-life (hr)


Curated mutant alleles for the specified gene, listed alphabetically. Click on the allele name to open the allele page. Click "SGD search" to view all alleles in search results.

View all XRN1 alleles in SGD search

Gene Ontology Details

Gene Ontology

GO Annotations consist of four mandatory components: a gene product, a term from one of the three Gene Ontology (GO) controlled vocabularies (Molecular Function, Biological Process, and Cellular Component), a reference, and an evidence code. SGD has manually curated and high-throughput GO Annotations, both derived from the literature, as well as computational, or predicted, annotations. Click "Gene Ontology Details" to view all GO information and evidence for this locus as well as biological processes it shares with other genes.

Chromatin-binding 5'->3' exoribonuclease that activates transcription initiation and elongation by RNA polymerase II; involved in nuclear mRNA catabolism and decay of nonfunctional rRNAs; role in processing of both rRNA and snoRNA; negative regulator of autophagy; localizes to the nucleus, cytoplasmic stress granules and mRNA P-bodies

View computational annotations

Molecular Function

Manually Curated

Cellular Component

Manually Curated
Phenotype Details


Phenotype annotations for a gene are curated single mutant phenotypes that require an observable (e.g., "cell shape"), a qualifier (e.g., "abnormal"), a mutant type (e.g., null), strain background, and a reference. In addition, annotations are classified as classical genetics or high-throughput (e.g., large scale survey, systematic mutation set). Whenever possible, allele information and additional details are provided. Click "Phenotype Details" to view all phenotype annotations and evidence for this locus as well as phenotypes it shares with other genes.

Non-essential gene; null mutant grows slowly, has large cells, abnormal morphology of vacuoles, buds and lipid particles, short telomeres, shortened lifespan, decreased transposition, and is sensitive to antimalarial quinine, various antibiotics, caffeine, metals, heat, osmotic stress; heterozygous diploid nulls are haploinsufficent and sensitive to starvation; overexpression slows growth
Interaction Details


Interaction annotations are curated by BioGRID and include physical or genetic interactions observed between at least two genes. An interaction annotation is composed of the interaction type, name of the interactor, assay type (e.g., Two-Hybrid), annotation type (e.g., manual or high-throughput), and a reference, as well as other experimental details. Click "Interaction Details" to view all interaction annotations and evidence for this locus, including an interaction visualization.

1518 total interactions for 1018 unique genes

Physical Interactions

  • Affinity Capture-MS: 365
  • Affinity Capture-RNA: 13
  • Affinity Capture-Western: 30
  • Biochemical Activity: 1
  • Co-crystal Structure: 7
  • Co-localization: 1
  • Co-purification: 3
  • PCA: 7
  • Proximity Label-MS: 2
  • Reconstituted Complex: 4
  • Two-hybrid: 12

Genetic Interactions

  • Dosage Growth Defect: 1
  • Dosage Lethality: 1
  • Dosage Rescue: 5
  • Negative Genetic: 712
  • Phenotypic Enhancement: 25
  • Phenotypic Suppression: 33
  • Positive Genetic: 183
  • Synthetic Growth Defect: 54
  • Synthetic Lethality: 39
  • Synthetic Rescue: 20
Regulation Details


The number of putative Regulators (genes that regulate it) and Targets (genes it regulates) for the given locus, based on experimental evidence. This evidence includes data generated through high-throughput techniques. Click "Regulation Details" to view all regulation annotations, shared GO enrichment among regulation Targets, and a regulator/target diagram for the locus.

Expression Details


Expression data are derived from records contained in the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), and are first log2 transformed and normalized. Referenced datasets may contain one or more condition(s), and as a result there may be a greater number of conditions than datasets represented in a single clickable histogram bar. The histogram division at 0.0 separates the down-regulated (green) conditions and datasets from those that are up-regulated (red). Click "Expression Details" to view all expression annotations and details for this locus, including a visualization of genes that share a similar expression pattern.

Literature Details


All manually curated literature for the specified gene, organized into topics according to their relevance to the gene (Primary Literature, Additional Literature, or Review). Click "Literature Details" to view all literature information for this locus, including shared literature between genes.