Reference: Longo VD, et al. (1999) Mitochondrial superoxide decreases yeast survival in stationary phase. Arch Biochem Biophys 365(1):131-42

Reference Help

Abstract


Yeast lacking mitochondrial superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) display shortened stationary-phase survival and provide a good model system for studying mitochondrial oxidative damage. We observed a marked decrease in respiratory function preceding stationary-phase death of yeast lacking MnSOD (sod2Delta). Agents (mitochondrial inhibitors) that are known to increase or decrease superoxide production in submitochondrial particles affected stationary-phase survival in a manner inversely correlated with their effects on superoxide production, implicating superoxide in this mitochondrial disfunction. Similar but less-dramatic effects were observed in wild-type yeast. The activities of certain mitochondrial enzymes were particularly affected. In sod2Delta yeast the activity of aconitase, a 4Fe-4S-cluster-containing enzyme located in the matrix, was greatly and progressively decreased as the cells established stationary phase. Succinate dehydrogenase activity also decreased in MnSOD mutants; cytochrome oxidase and ATPase activities did not. Aconitase could be reactivated by addition of materials required for cluster assembly (Fe3+ and a sulfur source), both in extracts and in vivo, indicating that inactivation of the enzyme was by disassembly of the cluster. Our results support the conclusion that superoxide is generated in the mitochondria in vivo and under physiological conditions and that MnSOD is the primary defense against this toxicity. When the balance between superoxide generation and MnSOD activity is disrupted, superoxide mediates iron release from mitochondrial iron-sulfur clusters, leading first to loss of mitochondrial function and then to death, independently of mtDNA damage. These results raise the possibility that similar processes may occur in higher eukaryotes.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Authors
Longo VD, Liou LL, Valentine JS, Gralla EB
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Qualifier Gene Ontology Term Aspect Annotation Extension Evidence Method Source Assigned On Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Disease Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Disease Ontology Term Qualifier Evidence Method Source Assigned On Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Direction Regulation Of Happens During Method Evidence