Reference: Murley A, et al. (2013) ER-associated mitochondrial division links the distribution of mitochondria and mitochondrial DNA in yeast. Mol Syst Biol 2:e00422

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Abstract


Mitochondrial division is important for mitochondrial distribution and function. Recent data have demonstrated that ER-mitochondria contacts mark mitochondrial division sites, but the molecular basis and functions of these contacts are not understood. Here we show that in yeast, the ER-mitochondria tethering complex, ERMES, and the highly conserved Miro GTPase, Gem1, are spatially and functionally linked to ER-associated mitochondrial division. Gem1 acts as a negative regulator of ER-mitochondria contacts, an activity required for the spatial resolution and distribution of newly generated mitochondrial tips following division. Previous data have demonstrated that ERMES localizes with a subset of actively replicating mitochondrial nucleoids. We show that mitochondrial division is spatially linked to nucleoids and that a majority of these nucleoids segregate prior to division, resulting in their distribution into newly generated tips in the mitochondrial network. Thus, we postulate that ER-associated division serves to link the distribution of mitochondria and mitochondrial nucleoids in cells. DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.00422.001.

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Journal Article | Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't | Video-Audio Media
Authors
Murley A, Lackner LL, Osman C, West M, Voeltz GK, Walter P, Nunnari J
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