Reference: Tanaka H, et al. (2002) The fission yeast pfh1(+) gene encodes an essential 5' to 3' DNA helicase required for the completion of S-phase. Nucleic Acids Res 30(21):4728-39

Reference Help

Abstract


The Cdc24 protein plays an essential role in chromosomal DNA replication in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe, most likely via its direct interaction with Dna2, a conserved endonuclease-helicase protein required for Okazaki fragment processing. To gain insights into Cdc24 function, we isolated cold-sensitive chromosomal suppressors of the temperature-sensitive cdc24-M38 allele. One of the complementation groups of such suppressors defined a novel gene, pfh1(+), encoding an 805 amino acid nuclear protein highly homologous to the Saccharomyces cerevisiae Pif1p and Rrm3p DNA helicase family proteins. The purified Pfh1 protein displayed single-stranded DNA-dependent ATPase activity as well as 5' to 3' DNA helicase activity in vitro. Reverse genetic analysis in S.pombe showed that helicase activity was essential for the function of the Pfh1 protein in vivo. Schizosaccharomyces pombe cells carrying the cold-sensitive pfh1-R20 allele underwent cell cycle arrest in late S/G2-phase of the cell cycle when shifted to the restrictive temperature. This arrest was dependent upon the presence of a functional late S/G2 DNA damage checkpoint, suggesting that Pfh1 is required for the completion of DNA replication. Furthermore, at their permissive temperature pfh1-R20 cells were highly sensitive to the DNA-alkylating agent methyl methanesulphonate, implying a further role for Pfh1 in the repair of DNA damage.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Tanaka H, Ryu GH, Seo YS, Tanaka K, Okayama H, MacNeill SA, Yuasa Y
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Qualifier Gene Ontology Term Aspect Annotation Extension Evidence Method Source Assigned On Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Disease Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Disease Ontology Term Qualifier Evidence Method Source Assigned On Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Direction Regulation Of Happens During Method Evidence