Reference: Awasthi A, et al. (2020) A regulatory circuit between lncRNA and TOR directs amino acid uptake in yeast. Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Res 1867(6):118680

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Abstract


Long non coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have emerged as crucial players of several central cellular processes across eukaryotes. Target of Rapamycin (TOR) is a central regulator of myriad of fundamental cellular processes including amino acid transport under diverse environmental conditions. Here we investigated the role of lncRNA in TOR regulated amino acid uptake in S. cerevisiae. Transcription of lncRNA regulates local gene expression in eukaryotes. In silico analysis of many genome wide studies in S. cerevisiae revealed that transcriptome includes conditional expression of numerous lncRNAs in proximity to amino acid transporters (AATs). Considering regulatory role of these lncRNAs, we selected highly conserved TOR regulated locus of a pair of AATs present in tandem BAP2 and TAT1. We observed that the expression of antisense lncRNA XUT_2F-154 (TBRT) and AATs BAP2 and TAT1 depends on activities of TOR signaling pathway. The expression of TBRT is induced, while that of BAP2 TAT1 is repressed upon TOR inhibition by Torin2. Notably, upon TOR inhibition loss of TBRT contributed to enhanced activities of Bap2 and Tat1 leading to improved growth. Interestingly, nucleosome scanning assay reveal that TOR signaling pathway governs chromatin remodeling at BAP2 biphasic promoter to control the antagonism of TBRT and BAP2 expression. Further TBRT also reprograms local chromatin landscapes to decrease the transcription of TAT1. The current work demonstrates a functional correlation between lncRNA production and TOR governed amino acid uptake in yeast. Thus this work brings forth a novel avenue for identification of potential regulators for therapeutic interventions against TOR mediated diseases.

Reference Type
Journal Article
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Awasthi A, Nain V, Srikanth CV, Puria R
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