Reference: Hammack LJ, et al. (2020) A novel proteasome assembly intermediate bypasses the need to form alpha-rings first. Biochem Biophys Res Commun.

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Abstract


Proteasomes provide the main route of intracellular protein degradation. They consist of a central protease, termed the 20S proteasome, or core particle (CP), that partners with one or more regulatory complexes. The quaternary structure of the CP is conserved across all domains of life and is comprised of four coaxially stacked heptameric rings formed by structurally related α and β subunits. In eukaryotes, biogenesis of the CP is generally assumed to involve the obligate formation of α-rings. These serve as templates upon which β subunits assemble to form half-proteasomes which dimerize to give rise to CP. Here, we demonstrate the in vivo existence of an assembly-competent intermediate containing an incomplete set of both α and β subunits. The novel intermediate exhibits a precursor-product relationship with the well characterized CP assembly intermediate, the 13S. This is the first evidence that eukaryotic CP, like its archaeal and bacterial counterparts, can assemble in an α-ring independent manner.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Hammack LJ, Panfair D, Kusmierczyk AR
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