Reference: Morillo-Huesca M, et al. (2019) Actin and Nuclear Envelope Components Influence Ectopic Recombination in the Absence of Swr1. Genetics 213(3):819-834

Reference Help

Abstract


The accuracy of most DNA processes depends on chromatin integrity and dynamics. Our analyses in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae show that an absence of Swr1 (the catalytic and scaffold subunit of the chromatin-remodeling complex SWR) leads to the formation of long-duration Rad52, but not RPA, foci and to an increase in intramolecular recombination. These phenotypes are further increased by MMS, zeocin, and ionizing radiation, but not by double-strand breaks, HU, or transcription/replication collisions, suggesting that they are associated with specific DNA lesions. Importantly, these phenotypes can be specifically suppressed by mutations in: (1) chromatin-anchorage internal nuclear membrane components (mps3∆75-150 and src1∆); (2) actin and actin regulators (act1-157, act1-159, crn1∆, and cdc42-6); or (3) the SWR subunit Swc5 and the SWR substrate Htz1 However, they are not suppressed by global disruption of actin filaments or by the absence of Csm4 (a component of the external nuclear membrane that forms a bridging complex with Mps3, thus connecting the actin cytoskeleton with chromatin). Moreover, swr1∆-induced Rad52 foci and intramolecular recombination are not associated with tethering recombinogenic DNA lesions to the nuclear periphery. In conclusion, the absence of Swr1 impairs efficient recombinational repair of specific DNA lesions by mechanisms that are influenced by SWR subunits, including actin, and nuclear envelope components. We suggest that these recombinational phenotypes might be associated with a pathological effect on homologous recombination of actin-containing complexes.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Morillo-Huesca M, Murillo-Pineda M, Barrientos-Moreno M, Gómez-Marín E, Clemente-Ruiz M, Prado F
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene/Complex Qualifier Gene Ontology Term Aspect Annotation Extension Evidence Method Source Assigned On Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Disease Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Disease Ontology Term Qualifier Evidence Method Source Assigned On Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Direction Regulation Of Happens During Method Evidence

Post-translational Modifications


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through its pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Site Modification Modifier Reference

Interaction Annotations


Genetic Interactions

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Allele Assay Annotation Action Phenotype SGA score P-value Source Reference

Physical Interactions

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Assay Annotation Action Modification Source Reference

Functional Complementation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through its pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Species Gene ID Strain background Direction Details Source Reference