Reference: Bunina D, et al. (2017) Upregulation of SPS100 gene expression by an antisense RNA via a switch of mRNA isoforms with different stabilities. Nucleic Acids Res 45(19):11144-11158

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Abstract


Pervasive transcription of genomes generates multiple classes of non-coding RNAs. One of these classes are stable long non-coding RNAs which overlap coding genes in antisense direction (asRNAs). The function of such asRNAs is not fully understood but several cases of antisense-dependent gene expression regulation affecting the overlapping genes have been demonstrated. Using high-throughput yeast genetics and a limited set of four growth conditions we previously reported a regulatory function for ∼25% of asRNAs, most of which repress the expression of the sense gene. To further explore the roles of asRNAs we tested more conditions and identified 15 conditionally antisense-regulated genes, 6 of which exhibited antisense-dependent enhancement of gene expression. We focused on the sporulation-specific gene SPS100, which becomes upregulated upon entry into starvation or sporulation as a function of the antisense transcript SUT169. We demonstrate that the antisense effect is mediated by its 3' intergenic region (3'-IGR) and that this regulation can be transferred to other genes. Genetic analysis revealed that SUT169 functions by changing the relative expression of SPS100 mRNA isoforms from a short and unstable transcript to a long and stable species. These results suggest a novel mechanism of antisense-dependent gene regulation via mRNA isoform switching.

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Journal Article
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Bunina D, Štefl M, Huber F, Khmelinskii A, Meurer M, Barry JD, Kats I, Kirrmaier D, Huber W, Knop M
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