Reference: Reznicek O, et al. (2015) Improved xylose uptake in Saccharomyces cerevisiae due to directed evolution of galactose permease Gal2 for sugar co-consumption. J Appl Microbiol 119(1):99-111

Reference Help

Abstract


AIMS: Saccharomyces cerevisiae does not express any xylose-specific transporters. To enhance the xylose uptake of S. cerevisiae, directed evolution of the Gal2 transporter was performed. METHODS AND RESULTS: Three rounds of error-prone PCR were used to generate mutants with improved xylose-transport characteristics. After developing a fast and reliable high-throughput screening assay based on flow cytometry, eight mutants were obtained showing an improved uptake of xylose compared to wild-type Gal2 out of 41 200 single yeast cells. Gal2 variant 2.1 harbouring five amino acid substitutions showed an increased affinity towards xylose with a faster overall sugar metabolism of glucose and xylose. Another Gal2 variant 3.1 carrying an additional amino acid substitution revealed an impaired growth on glucose but not on xylose. CONCLUSIONS: Random mutagenesis of the S. cerevisiae Gal2 led to an increased xylose uptake capacity and decreased glucose affinity, allowing improved co-consumption. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: Random mutagenesis is a powerful tool to evolve sugar transporters like Gal2 towards co-consumption of new substrates. Using a high-throughput screening system based on flow-through cytometry, various mutants were identified with improved xylose-transport characteristics. The Gal2 variants in this work are a promising starting point for further engineering to improve xylose uptake from mixed sugars in biomass.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Reznicek O, Facey SJ, de Waal PP, Teunissen AW, de Bont JA, Nijland JG, Driessen AJ, Hauer B
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Qualifier Gene Ontology Term Aspect Annotation Extension Evidence Method Source Assigned On Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Disease Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Disease Ontology Term Qualifier Evidence Method Source Assigned On Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Direction Regulation Of Happens During Method Evidence

Post-translational Modifications


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through its pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Site Modification Modifier Reference

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference