Reference: Osman C, et al. (2009) Prohibitins and the functional compartmentalization of mitochondrial membranes. J Cell Sci 122(Pt 21):3823-30

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Abstract


Prohibitins constitute an evolutionarily conserved and ubiquitously expressed family of membrane proteins that are essential for cell proliferation and development in higher eukaryotes. Roles for prohibitins in cell signaling at the plasma membrane and in transcriptional regulation in the nucleus have been proposed, but pleiotropic defects associated with the loss of prohibitin genes can be largely attributed to a dysfunction of mitochondria. Two closely related proteins, prohibitin-1 (PHB1) and prohibitin-2 (PHB2), form large, multimeric ring complexes in the inner membrane of mitochondria. The absence of prohibitins leads to an increased generation of reactive oxygen species, disorganized mitochondrial nucleoids, abnormal cristae morphology and an increased sensitivity towards stimuli-elicited apoptosis. It has been found that the processing of the dynamin-like GTPase OPA1, which regulates mitochondrial fusion and cristae morphogenesis, is a key process regulated by prohibitins. Furthermore, genetic analyses in yeast have revealed an intimate functional link between prohibitin complexes and the membrane phospholipids cardiolipin and phosphatidylethanolamine. In light of these findings, it is emerging that prohibitin complexes can function as protein and lipid scaffolds that ensure the integrity and functionality of the mitochondrial inner membrane.

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Journal Article | Review
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Osman C, Merkwirth C, Langer T
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