Reference: Gottschalk A, et al. (2001) The yeast U5 snRNP coisolated with the U1 snRNP has an unexpected protein composition and includes the splicing factor Aar2p. RNA 7(11):1554-65

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Abstract


We describe the purification and characterization of a 16S U5 snRNP from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and the identification of its proteins. In contrast to the human 20S U5 snRNP, it has a comparatively simple protein composition. In addition to the Sm core proteins, it contains only two of the U5 snRNP specific proteins, Prp8p and Snu114p. Interestingly, the 16S U5 snRNP contains also Aar2p, a protein that was previously implicated in splicing of the two introns of the MATa1 pre-mRNA. Here, we demonstrate that Aar2p is essential and required for in vivo splicing of U3 precursors. However, it is not required for splicing in vitro. Aar2p is associated exclusively with this simple form of the U5 snRNP (Aar2-U5), but not with the [U4/U6.U5] tri-snRNP or spliceosomal complexes. Consistent with this, we show that depletion of Aar2p interferes with later rounds of splicing, suggesting that it has an effect when splicing depends on snRNP recycling. Remarkably, the Aar2-U5 snRNP is invariably coisolated with the U1 snRNP regardless of the purification protocol used. This is consistent with the previously suggested cooperation between the U1 and U5 snRNPs prior to the catalytic steps of splicing. Electron microscopy of the Aar2-U5 snRNP revealed that, despite the comparatively simple protein composition, the yeast Aar2-U5 snRNP appears structurally similar to the human 20S U5 snRNP. Thus, the basic structural scaffold of the Aar2-U5 snRNP seems to be essentially determined by Prp8p, Snu114p, and the Sm proteins.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Gottschalk A, Kastner B, Lührmann R, Fabrizio P
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