Reference: Okuma T, et al. (1999) In vitro SUMO-1 modification requires two enzymatic steps, E1 and E2. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 254(3):693-8

Reference Help

Abstract


The SUMO-1 has been identified as a protein that is highly similar to ubiquitin and shown to conjugate to RanGAP1, PML, Sp200 and I kappa B alpha. The conjugation steps are thought to be similar to those of ubiquitination; and human Ubc9, which is homologous to the E2 enzyme for the ubiquitin conjugation step, was identified and shown to be necessary for the conjugation of SUMO-1 to its target protein. Other essential enzymes involved in this modification, however, remain to be clarified. Here we cloned human Sua1 (SUMO-1 activating enzyme) and hUba2, which are human homologs of yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae Aos1 and Uba2, respectively. The recombinant proteins, Sua1p and hUba2p, formed a complex. In this complex, hUba2 bound SUMO-1 and this complex had the activity of the SUMO-1 activating enzyme. Furthermore, in an in vitro system, RanGAP1 was modified by SUMO-1 in the presence of Sua1p/Uba2p and hUbc9p, showing that the modification of SUMO-1 could be catalyzed by two enzyme steps, although ubiquitination usually requires three enzyme steps.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Okuma T, Honda R, Ichikawa G, Tsumagari N, Yasuda H
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Qualifier Gene Ontology Term Aspect Annotation Extension Evidence Method Source Assigned On Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Disease Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Disease Ontology Term Qualifier Evidence Method Source Assigned On Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Direction Regulation Of Happens During Method Evidence

Post-translational Modifications


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through its pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Site Modification Modifier Reference

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference