Reference: Offer G and Knight P (1996) The structure of the head-tail junction of the myosin molecule. J Mol Biol 256(3):407-16

Reference Help

Abstract


An atomic model of the junction between the two heads and tail of a myosin molecule has been created by attaching a scallop regulatory domain to the end of each of the two alpha-helical strands of a model of the scallop alpha-helical coiled coil. The C-terminal alpha-helix of the heavy chain of each regulatory domain was superposed over the corresponding sequence in the coiled coil. In the structure created, the two heads lie alongside one another with their bases in contact but remarkably without steric clash. The principal interactions between the two heads are between the regulatory light chains and there are also head-tail interactions between each regulatory light chain and its heavy chain partner in the coiled coil. The invariant proline residues cause the heavy chains to flare to form the fork. The direction of the turn at the WQW sequence within the regulatory domain causes the long alpha-helix of the heavy chains within the head to continue the sense of the supercoil. With the bases of heads interacting, motion of the heads could still occur by a flexing of the coiled coil close to the heads and by a flexing and twisting of the long alpha-helices in the head. The model accounts for some of the conserved sequence features in myosins from different sources and provides a structural basis for understanding the head-head interactions in regulated myosin. Using the C alpha atoms of subfragment 1 we have also constructed a model with two complete heads. The clockwise curvature of the heads when the model is viewed end-on towards the tail accounts for the most common appearance of myosin molecules in electron micrographs. These models are predicated on the assumption that the entire heptad sequence of the heavy chains forms a coiled coil. Previous evidence from electron micrographs of myosin molecules that this was not the case can be explained by the foreshortening of the tail close to the heads.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Offer G, Knight P
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Qualifier Gene Ontology Term Aspect Annotation Extension Evidence Method Source Assigned On Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Disease Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Disease Ontology Term Qualifier Evidence Method Source Assigned On Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Direction Regulation Of Happens During Method Evidence