Reference: Parent SA, et al. (1993) Calcineurin-dependent growth of an FK506- and CsA-hypersensitive mutant of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J Gen Microbiol 139(12):2973-84

Reference Help

Abstract


The immunosuppressants FK506 and cyclosporin A (CsA) bound to their receptors, FKBP12 or cyclophilin, inhibit the Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein phosphatase, calcineurin, preventing T cell activation or, in yeast, recovery from alpha-mating factor arrest. Vegetative growth of yeast does not require calcineurin, and in strains sensitive to FK506 or CsA, growth is inhibited by concentrations of drug much higher than those required to inhibit T cell activation or recovery from mating factor arrest. We now describe the isolation of a mutant of Saccharomyces cerevisiae which is 100-1000-fold more sensitive to the growth inhibitory properties of these drugs. The mutation (fks1) also confers a slow growth phenotype which is partially suppressed by exogenously added Ca2+ and exacerbated by EGTA. Simultaneous disruption of the two genes (CNA1 and CNA2) encoding the alternative forms of the catalytic A subunit of calcineurin, or of the gene (CNB1) encoding the regulatory B subunit, is lethal in an fks1 mutant. Disruption of the gene encoding FKBP12 (FKB1) or the major, cytosolic cyclophilin (CPH1) in fks1 cells results in the loss of hypersensitivity to the relevant drug. Overexpression of CNA1 or CNA2, in conjunction with CNB1, results in a significant decrease in hypersensitivity to FK506 and CsA. The results show that the hypersensitivity of the fks1 mutant is due to the inhibition of calcineurin phosphatase activity by the receptor-drug complexes. The growth dependence of the mutant on the Ca2+/calcineurin signal pathway provides an important tool for studying in yeast certain aspects of immune suppression by these drugs.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Parent SA, Nielsen JB, Morin N, Chrebet G, Ramadan N, Dahl AM, Hsu MJ, Bostian KA, Foor F
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Qualifier Gene Ontology Term Aspect Annotation Extension Evidence Method Source Assigned On Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Disease Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Disease Ontology Term Qualifier Evidence Method Source Assigned On Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Direction Regulation Of Happens During Method Evidence