Reference: Senecoff JF, et al. (1988) DNA recognition by the FLP recombinase of the yeast 2 mu plasmid. A mutational analysis of the FLP binding site. J Mol Biol 201(2):405-21

Reference Help

Abstract


The 2 mu plasmid of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae encodes a site-specific recombination system consisting of the FLP protein and two inverted recombination sites on the plasmid. The minimal fully functional substrate for in-vitro recombination in this system consists of two FLP protein binding sites separated by an eight base-pair spacer sequence. We have used site-directed mutagenesis to generate every possible mutation (36 in all) within 11 base-pairs of one FLP protein binding site and the base-pair immediately flanking it. The base-pairs within the binding site can be separated into three classes on the basis of these results. Thirty of the 36 sequence changes, including all three at seven different positions (class I) produce a negligible or modest effect on FLP protein-promoted recombination. In particular, most transition mutations are well-tolerated in this system. In only one case do all three possible mutations produce large effects (class II). At three positions, clustered near the site at which DNA is cleaved by FLP protein, one of the two possible transversions produces a large effect on recombination, while the other two changes produce modest effects (class III). For seven mutants for which FLP protein binding was measured, a direct correlation between decreases in recombination activity and in binding was observed. Positive effects on the reaction potential of mutant sites are observed when the other FLP binding site in a single recombination site is unaltered or when the second recombination site in a reaction is wild-type. This suggests a functional interaction between FLP binding sites both in cis and in trans. When two mutant recombination sites (each with 1 altered FLP binding site) are recombined, the relative orientation of the mutations (parallel or antiparallel) has no effect on the result. These results provide an extensive substrate catalog to complement future studies in this system.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Authors
Senecoff JF, Rossmeissl PJ, Cox MM
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Qualifier Gene Ontology Term Aspect Annotation Extension Evidence Method Source Assigned On Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Disease Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Disease Ontology Term Qualifier Evidence Method Source Assigned On Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Direction Regulation Of Happens During Method Evidence

Post-translational Modifications


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through its pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Site Modification Modifier Reference

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference