Reference: Bernard P, et al. (2006) A screen for cohesion mutants uncovers Ssl3, the fission yeast counterpart of the cohesin loading factor Scc4. Curr Biol 16(9):875-81

Reference Help

Abstract


Sister-chromatid cohesion is mediated by cohesin, a ring-shape complex made of four core subunits called Scc1, Scc3, Smc1, and Smc3 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Rad21, Psc3, Psm1, and Psm3 in Schizosaccharomyces pombe). How cohesin ensures cohesion is unknown, although its ring shape suggests that it may tether sister DNA strands by encircling them . Cohesion establishment is a two-step process. Cohesin is loaded on chromosomes before replication and cohesion is subsequently established during S phase. In S. cerevisiae, cohesin loading requires a separate complex containing the Scc2 and Scc4 proteins. Cohesin rings fail to associate with chromatin and cohesion can not establish when Scc2 is impaired . The mechanism of loading is unknown, although some data suggest that hydrolysis of ATP bound to Smc1/3 is required . Scc2 homologs exist in fission yeast (Mis4), Drosophila, Xenopus, and human . By contrast, no homolog of Scc4 has been identified so far. We report here on the identification of fission yeast Ssl3 as a Scc4-like factor. Ssl3 is in complex with Mis4 and, as a bona fide loading factor, Ssl3 is required in G1 for cohesin binding to chromosomes but dispensable in G2 when cohesion is established. The discovery of a functional homolog of Scc4 indicates that the machinery of cohesin loading is conserved among eukaryotes.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Bernard P, Drogat J, Maure JF, Dheur S, Vaur S, Genier S, Javerzat JP
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Qualifier Gene Ontology Term Aspect Annotation Extension Evidence Method Source Assigned On Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Disease Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Disease Ontology Term Qualifier Evidence Method Source Assigned On Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Direction Regulation Of Happens During Method Evidence

Post-translational Modifications


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through its pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Site Modification Modifier Reference

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference