Reference: Ahimou F, et al. (2003) Real-time imaging of the surface topography of living yeast cells by atomic force microscopy. Yeast 20(1):25-30

Reference Help

Abstract


Atomic force microscopy (AFM) was used to image the surface topography of living Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells at high resolution and to monitor enzyme digestion of the cell wall in real time. Apart from the presence of bud scars, the surface of native cells imaged in aqueous solution was homogeneous and smooth. Topographic images of the surface were recorded to a lateral resolution of 2 nm without significant modification of the surface morphology. Successive images of single cells were collected at fixed time intervals following addition of protease and amyloglucosidase solutions. Protease caused a progressive increase of surface roughness. Large depressions surrounded by protruding edges, approximately 50 nm in height, were formed and attributed to the erosion of the mannoprotein outer layer. By contrast, no modification of the cell surface was noted upon addition of amyloglucosidase, which was consistent with the cell wall biochemical composition. These results indicate that AFM is a complementary tool to electron microscopy in that it allows the surface of living cells to be explored directly in real time.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Ahimou F, Touhami A, Dufrêne YF
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Qualifier Gene Ontology Term Aspect Annotation Extension Evidence Method Source Assigned On Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Disease Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Disease Ontology Term Qualifier Evidence Method Source Assigned On Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Direction Regulation Of Happens During Method Evidence

Post-translational Modifications


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through its pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Site Modification Modifier Reference

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference