Reference: Verkade HM, et al. (2001) A homologue of the Rad18 postreplication repair gene is required for DNA damage responses throughout the fission yeast cell cycle. Mol Genet Genomics 265(6):993-1003

Reference Help

Abstract


Cells activate DNA repair pathways and cell cycle checkpoints when they suffer damage to their genome. They also activate tolerance pathways that facilitate survival. In Escherichia coli, a mechanism known as postreplication repair (PRR) is used to bypass lesions that would otherwise present a physical block to DNA polymerase. PRR has also been proposed to occur in eukaryotic cells, although the partitioning of DNA synthesis to a discrete S-phase would suggest that it is only operative within a defined period of the cell cycle. Eukaryotic PRR has been most extensively studied in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Two important genes for components of this repair pathway are RAD6, which encodes an ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme, and RAD18, which encodes a RING-finger protein and forms a heterodimer with Rad6p. Rad18p can also bind to DNA. We report here the identification of the Schizosaccharomyces pombe homologue of RAD18, which we have denoted rhp18. rhp18 mutants are hypersensitive to DNA-damaging agents, but show this hypersensitivity throughout the cell cycle. rhp18 mutants are characterised by a longer than usual DNA damage checkpoint arrest that is required for their residual viability following irradiation. Genetic analyses show that rhp18 controls a unique DNA damage repair/tolerance pathway that extends beyond the requirement to tolerate damage during S-phase, suggesting a broader definition of the function of this eukaryotic PRR protein.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Verkade HM, Teli T, Laursen LV, Murray JM, O'Connell MJ
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Qualifier Gene Ontology Term Aspect Annotation Extension Evidence Method Source Assigned On Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Disease Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Disease Ontology Term Qualifier Evidence Method Source Assigned On Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Direction Regulation Of Happens During Method Evidence

Post-translational Modifications


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through its pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Site Modification Modifier Reference

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference