Reference: Le Bouquin R, et al. (2001) CYP94A5, a new cytochrome P450 from Nicotiana tabacum is able to catalyze the oxidation of fatty acids to the omega-alcohol and to the corresponding diacid. Eur J Biochem 268(10):3083-90

Reference Help

Abstract


A full length cDNA encoding a new cytochrome P450-dependent fatty acid hydroxylase (CYP94A5) was isolated from a tobacco cDNA library. CYP94A5 was expressed in S. cerevisiae strain WAT11 containing a P450 reductase from Arabidopsis thaliana necessary for catalytic activity of cytochrome P450 enzymes. When incubated for 10 min in presence of NADPH with microsomes of recombinant yeast, 9,10-epoxystearic acid was converted into one major metabolite identified by GC/MS as 18-hydroxy-9,10-epoxystearic acid. The kinetic parameters of the reaction were Km,app = 0.9 +/- 0.2 microM and Vmax,app = 27 +/- 1 nmol x min(-1) x nmol(-1) P450. Increasing the incubation time to 1 h led to the formation of a compound identified by GC/MS as 9,10-epoxy-octadecan-1,18-dioic acid. The diacid was also produced in microsomal incubations of 18-hydroxy-9,10-epoxystearic acid. Metabolites were not produced in incubations with microsomes of yeast transformed with a control plasmid lacking CYP94A5 and their production was inhibited by antibodies raised against the P450 reductase, demonstrating the involvement of CYP94A5 in the reactions. The present study describes a cytochrome P450 able to catalyze the complete set of reactions oxidizing a terminal methyl group to the corresponding carboxyl. This new fatty acid hydroxylase is enantioselective: after incubation of a synthetic racemic mixture of 9,10-epoxystearic acid, the chirality of the residual epoxide was 40/60 in favor of 9R,10S enantiomer. CYP94A5 also catalyzed the omega-hydroxylation of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids with aliphatic chain ranging from C12 to C18.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Le Bouquin R, Skrabs M, Kahn R, Benveniste I, Salaün JP, Schreiber L, Durst F, Pinot F
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Qualifier Gene Ontology Term Aspect Annotation Extension Evidence Method Source Assigned On Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Disease Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Disease Ontology Term Qualifier Evidence Method Source Assigned On Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Direction Regulation Of Happens During Method Evidence