Reference: Godbole S, et al. (2000) Measuring denatured state energetics: deviations from random coil behavior and implications for the folding of iso-1-cytochrome c. J Mol Biol 296(1):217-28

Reference Help

Abstract


The changes in the free energy of the denatured state of a set of yeast iso-1-cytochrome c variants with single surface histidine residues have been measured in 3 M guanidine hydrochloride. The thermodynamics of unfolding by guanidine hydrochloride is also reported. All variants have decreased stability relative to the wild-type protein. The free energy of the denatured state was determined in 3 M guanidine hydrochloride by evaluating the strength of heme-histidine ligation through determination of the pK(a) for loss of histidine binding to the heme. The data are corrected for the presence of the N-terminal amino group which also ligates to the heme under similar solution conditions. Significant deviations from random coil behavior are observed. Relative to a variant with a single histidine at position 26, residual structure of the order of -1.0 to -2.5 kcal/mol is seen for the other variants studied. The data explain the slower folding of yeast iso-1-cytochrome c relative to the horse protein. The greater number of histidines and the greater strength of ligation are expected to slow conversion of the histidine-misligated forms to the obligatory aquo-heme intermediate during the ligand exchange phase of folding. The particularly strong association of histidine residues at positions 54 and 89 may indicate regions of the protein with strong energetic propensities to collapse against the heme during early folding events, consistent with available data in the literature on early folding events for cytochrome c.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Authors
Godbole S, Hammack B, Bowler BE
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Qualifier Gene Ontology Term Aspect Annotation Extension Evidence Method Source Assigned On Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Disease Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Disease Ontology Term Qualifier Evidence Method Source Assigned On Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Direction Regulation Of Happens During Method Evidence