Reference: Toenjes KA, et al. (1999) The guanine-nucleotide-exchange factor Cdc24p is targeted to the nucleus and polarized growth sites. Curr Biol 9(20):1183-6

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Abstract


Generation of cellular asymmetry or cell polarity plays a critical role in cell-cycle-regulated morphogenetic processes involving the actin cytoskeleton. The GTPase Cdc42 regulates actin rearrangements and signal transduction pathways in all eukaryotic cells [1], and the temporal and spatial regulation of Cdc42p depends on the activity and targeting of its guanine-nucleotide exchange factor (GEF). Cdc24p, the Saccharomyces cerevisiae GEF for Cdc42p, is found in a particulate fraction and localizes to the plasma membrane [2] [3] at sites of polarized growth [4]. We show that Cdc24p labeled with green fluorescent protein (GFP-Cdc24p) was targeted to pre-bud sites, the tips and sides of enlarging buds, and mating projections in pheromone-treated cells. Unexpectedly, GFP-Cdc24p also localized to the nucleus and GFP-Cdc24p levels diminished before nuclear division followed by its reappearance in divided nuclei and mother-bud necks during cytokinesis. The Cdc24p amino-terminal 283 amino acids were necessary and sufficient for nuclear localization, which depended on the cyclin-dependent-kinase inhibitor Far1p. The Cdc24p carboxy-terminal 289 amino acids were necessary and sufficient for targeting to the pre-bud site, bud, mother-bud neck, and mating projection. Targeting was independent of the Cdc24p-binding proteins Far1p, the GTPase Rsr1p/Bud1p, the scaffold protein Bem1p, and the G(beta) subunit Ste4p. These data are consistent with a temporal and spatial regulation of Cdc24p-dependent activation of Cdc42p during the cell cycle.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
Authors
Toenjes KA, Sawyer MM, Johnson DI
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