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Reference: Bautista-Santos A and Zinker SR (2014) The P1/P2 Protein Heterodimers Assemble to the Ribosomal Stalk at the Moment When the Ribosome Is Committed to Translation but Not to the Native 60S Ribosomal Subunit in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Biochemistry 53(25):4105-12

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Abstract


The four structural acidic ribosomal proteins that dissociate from P1A/P2B and P1B/P2A heterodimers of Saccharomyces cerevisiae were searched in the 60S ribosomal subunit, the 80S monosome, and the polysomal fractions after ribosome profile centrifugation in sucrose gradients in TMN buffer, and after dissociation of monosomes and polysomes to small and large ribosomal subunits in LMS buffer. Analysis by isoelectric focusing, sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and Western blotting of these fractions or the purified acidic protein samples showed eight bands that correspond to the acidic ribosomal proteins in the 60S dissociated subunits of the 80S monosome and polysomes. After samples had been radiolabeled with (32)P, four bands were shown to correspond to the phosphorylated form of the acidic ribosomal proteins located in the 80S monosome and the polysomes. Surprisingly, native 60S subunits have no acidic ribosomal proteins. Altogether, these findings indicate that P1/P2 heterodimers bind to P0 when both ribosomal subunits are joined and committed to translation, and they detached from the stalk, just after the small and large ribosomal subunits were separated from the mRNA. Evidence that the phosphorylated and unphosphorylated P1 and P2 acidic ribosomal proteins are part of the functional stalk is also presented.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Bautista-Santos A, Zinker SR
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