The members of the Sir2 family, or sirtuins, are major regulators of the response to different types of stress. The members of the family have adapted to increasing complexities throughout evolution and have become diversified by increasing their number, specificity, and localization and acquiring novel functions. Sirtuins have been consistently implicated in the cross-talk between the genomic information and environment from the prokaryotes onward. Evidence suggests that in the transition to eukaryotes, histones became one of the basic and most conserved targets of the family, to the extent that in yeast and mammals, sirtuins were originally described as NAD(+)-dependent histone deacetylases and classified as class III histone deacetylases. A growing number of studies have determined that sirtuins also target a wide range of nonhistone proteins. Many of these targets are also directly or indirectly related to chromatin regulation. The number of targets has grown considerably in the last decade but has provoked an ill-founded discussion that neglects the importance of histones as sirtuin targets. In this review, we summarize our knowledge regarding the range of sirtuin targets described to date and discuss the different functional implications of histone and nonhistone targets throughout evolution.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|