Autophagy is a bulk protein-degradation process that is regulated by many factors. In this study, we quantitatively assessed the contribution of each essential yeast gene to autophagy. Of the contributing factors that we identified, we focused on the TRAPPIII complex, which was recently shown to act as a guanine-nucleotide exchange factor for the Rab small GTPase Ypt1. Autophagy is defective in the TRAPPIII mutant under nutrient-rich conditions (Cvt pathway), but starvation-induced autophagy is only partially affected. Here, we show that TRAPPIII functions at the Golgi complex to receive general retrograde vesicle traffic from early endosomes. Cargo proteins in this TRAPPIII-dependent pathway include Atg9, a transmembrane protein that is essential for autophagy, and Snc1, a SNARE unrelated to autophagy. When cells were starved, further disruption of vesicle movement from late endosomes to the Golgi caused defects in Atg9 trafficking and autophagy. Thus, TRAPPIII-dependent sorting pathways provide Atg9 reservoirs for pre-autophagosomal structure and phagophore assembly sites under nutrient-rich conditions, whereas the late endosome-to-Golgi pathway is added to these reservoirs when nutrients are limited. This clarification of the role of TRAPPIII elucidates how general membrane traffic contributes to autophagy.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|