Abstract The antifungal mode of action of thymol was investigated by a chemical-genetic profile analysis. Growth of each of ? 4700 haploid Saccharomyces cerevisiae gene deletion mutants was monitored on medium with a subinhibitory concentration (50 ?g/ml) of thymol and compared to growth on non-thymol control medium. This analysis revealed that, of the 76 deletion mutants with the greatest degree of susceptibility to thymol, 29% had deletions in genes involved in telomere length maintenance. A telomere restriction fragment (TRF) length assay showed that yeast exposed to a subinhibitory concentration of thymol for 15 days had telomere size reductions of 13-20% compared to non-thymol controls. By accelerating telomere shortening, thymol may increase the rate of cell senescence and apoptosis. Furthermore, real-time RT-PCR analysis revealed approximately two-fold reductions in EST2 mRNA but no change in TLC1 RNA in thymol-treated S. cerevisiae relative to untreated cells. EST2 encodes the essential reverse transcriptase subunit of telomerase that uses TLC1 RNA as a template during addition of TG(1-3) repeats to maintain telomere ends. This study provides compelling evidence that a primary mode of thymol antifungal activity is through inhibition of transcription of EST2 and thus telomerase activity.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|