Accumulation of misfolded proteins in cellular compartments can result in stress-induced cell death. In the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), ER-associated degradation clears aberrant proteins from the secretory pathway. In the cytoplasm and nucleus, this job is left to the cytoplasmic quality control (CytoQC) machinery. Both processes utilize chaperones and the ubiquitin-proteasome system to aid in protein elimination. Previous studies in yeast have drawn comparisons between these processes using data from structurally and topologically different substrates. We sought to draw a direct comparison between ERAD and CytoQC by studying the elimination of a single misfolded domain that, depending on its residence, is disposed by either of these pathways. The truncated, second nucleotide binding domain (NBD2*) from a yeast ERAD substrate, Ste6p*, resides at the cytoplasmic face of the ER. We show that a soluble form of NBD2* is cytoplasmic and unlike wild-type NBD2 is targeted for proteasome-mediated degradation. In contrast to Ste6p*, which employs the ER-localized Doa10p ubiquitin ligase, NBD2* is ubiquitinated by a nuclear E3 ligase San1p, a factor that is also required for its degradation. Although the yeast cytoplasmic Hsp70 chaperone, Ssa1p, has been thought to facilitate the nuclear import or to maintain the solubility of most CytoQC substrates, we discovered that Ssa1p facilitates the interaction between San1p and NBD2*, demonstrating that chaperones can aid in substrate recognition and San1p-dependent protein degradation. These results emphasize the diverse action of molecular chaperones during CytoQC.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|