The genes encoding the ribosomal proteins of fungi form a regulon whose expression is enhanced under good growth conditions and down-regulated under starvation conditions. The fungal pathogen Candida albicans contains an evolutionarily ancient control circuit for this regulon where a heteromer made up of the transcription regulators Ifh1 (interacts with Forkhead 1) and Fhl1 (Forkhead-like 1) is targeted to the ribosomal protein genes by the DNA binding factor Tbf1. In the more recently evolved circuit in the model yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Sc), the generalist repressor-activator protein Rap1 now directs the Ifh1-Fhl1 module to the ribosomal protein genes. Even though overall sequence similarity is low for the respective Fhl1 and Ifh1 subunits, in both species, the Ifh1 protein links to the Forkhead-associated domain of Fhl1 through its FHB domain. Intriguingly, correlated with the transition to the Rap1-regulated circuit, the Sc-Ifh1 contains a Rap1 binding domain that is not present in the C. albicans protein. Because no extensive common sequences are found in Tbf1 and Rap1, it appears that these targeting proteins must connect to the Ifh1-Fhl1 module in distinct ways. Two-hybrid and co-immunoprecipitation analysis has been used to show that in C. albicans Tbf1 is linked to the heterodimer through direct association with Fhl1. By contrast, in S. cerevisiae, the linkage of the heteromer to Rap1 occurs through Ifh1. Thus, in the ascomycetes, the Ifh1-Fhl1 heterodimer has reconfigured its protein associations to remain connected to the ribosomal protein regulon despite rewiring of the targeting transcription factor from Tbf1 to Rap1.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|