Most of the individual components of the nuclear elements of the gene expression pathway have been identified and high-resolution structural information is becoming available for many of them. Information is also starting to become available on the larger complexes they form and is beginning to give clues about how the dynamics of their interactions generate function. Although the translocation of export-competent messenger ribonucleoprotein particles (mRNPs) through the nuclear pore transport channel that is mediated by interactions with nuclear pore proteins (nucleoporins) is relatively well understood, the precise molecular mechanisms underlying the assembly of export-competent mRNPs in the nucleus and their Dbp5-mediated disassembly in the cytoplasm is less well defined. Considerable information has been obtained on the structure of Dbp5 in its different nucleotide-bound states and in complex with Gle1 or Nup159/NUP214. Although the precise manner by which the Dbp5 ATPase cycle is coupled to mRNP remodelling remains to be established, current models capture many key details of this process. The formation of export-competent mRNPs in the nucleus remains an elusive component of this pathway and the precise nature of the remodelling that generates these mRNPs as well as detailed understanding of the molecular mechanisms by which this step is integrated with the transcriptional, splicing and polyadenylation machinery by the TREX and TREX-2 complexes remain obscure. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Nuclear Transport and RNA Processing.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|