When cells are starved, are invaded by foreign bodies such as bacteria, and contain damaged organelles or aggregated proteins, double-membrane organelles called autophagosomes are formed within the cytoplasm to surround, isolate and deliver these materials to lysosomes for degradation. This pathway, called 'autophagy', is conserved from yeast to mammalian cells. Unlike other organelles, the autophagosome forms de novo, thus raising unique questions regarding its membrane biogenesis. Here we highlight a number of recent findings related to autophagosome formation and possible involvement of autophagy-specific vesicles originating from other organelles, but with particular attention on the formation sites and the relationship of the autophagosome to other organelles.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|