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Reference: Fasiolo F, et al. (1975) Modification of phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase from baker's yeast by proteolytic cleavage and properties of the trypsin-modified enzyme. Eur J Biochem 53(2):487-92

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Abstract


Earlier studies have shown that native phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase from baker's yeast contains two different kinds of subunits, alpha of molecular weight 73000 and beta of molecular weight 63000. The enzyme is an asymmetric tetramer alpha-2beta-2, which binds two moles of each ligand per mole. Incubation of the purified enzyme with trypsin results in an irreversible conversion: the alpha-subunit remains apparently unchanged but beta is rapidly degraded and yields a lighter species beta of molecular weight 41000. The trypsin-modified enzyme is an alpha-2beta-2 molecule which can still activate phenylalanine but cannot transfer it to tRNA-Phe; furthermore it does not bind tRNA-Phe but its kinetic parameters are identical to those of the native enzyme with respect to ATP and phenylalanine. Therefore the two beta subunits play a critical part in tRNA binding. Isolated alpha or beta subunits exhibit no significant activity and both types of subunit seem to be required for phenylalanine activation.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Fasiolo F, Boulanger Y, Ebel J
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