Take our Survey

Reference: Marada A, et al. (2013) Mge1, a nucleotide exchange factor of Hsp70, acts as an oxidative sensor to regulate mitochondrial Hsp70 function. Mol Biol Cell 24(6):692-703

Reference Help

Abstract

Despite the growing evidence of the role of oxidative stress in disease, its molecular mechanism of action remains poorly understood. The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae provides a valuable model system in which to elucidate the effects of oxidative stress on mitochondria in higher eukaryotes. Dimeric yeast Mge1, the cochaperone of heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70), is essential for exchanging ATP for ADP on Hsp70 and thus for recycling of Hsp70 for mitochondrial protein import and folding. Here we show an oxidative stress-dependent decrease in Mge1 dimer formation accompanied by a concomitant decrease in Mge1-Hsp70 complex formation in vitro. The Mge1-M155L substitution mutant stabilizes both Mge1 dimer and Mge1-Hsp70 complex formation. Most important, the Mge1-M155L mutant rescues the slow-growth phenomenon associated with the wild-type Mge1 strain in the presence of H2O2 in vivo, stimulation of the ATPase activity of Hsp70, and the protein import defect during oxidative stress in vitro. Furthermore, cross-linking studies reveal that Mge1-Hsp70 complex formation in mitochondria isolated from wild-type Mge1 cells is more susceptible to reactive oxygen species compared with mitochondria from Mge1-M155L cells. This novel oxidative sensor capability of yeast Mge1 might represent an evolutionarily conserved function, given that human recombinant dimeric Mge1 is also sensitive to H2O2.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Marada A, Allu PK, Murari A, Pullareddy B, Tammineni P, Thiriveedi VR, Danduprolu J, Sepuri NB
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations

Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference