To enhance the activity of transketolase towards nonphosphorylated substrates and enlarge the scope of its substrates, notably to long polyol aldehyde acceptors (D-ribose or D-glucose), a rational design-supported evolution strategy was applied. By using docking experiments, an in silico library, and iterative mutagenesis, libraries of single- and double-point mutants were designed and generated. A double-screening approach was implemented, coupling a preselection activity assay (HPLC method) and a selective assay (GC method) to find the best enzymes. Several mutants (R526N, R526Q, R526Q/S525T, R526K/S525T) showed improved activities towards nonphosphorylated substrates as the coupled products of lithium hydroxypyruvate (HPA) with glycolaldehyde (GO), D-ribose or D-glucose. These mutated enzymes were further characterised. They were shown to be up to four times more active than the wild-type (mutant R526Q/S525T) for nonphosphorylated substrates LiHPA/GO (V(m) /K(m) for LiHPA = 92.4 instead of 28.8x10(-3) min(-1) for the wild-type) and 2.6 times more active for substrates LiHPA/rib.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|