The accurate replication of genetic information is critical to maintaining chromosomal integrity. Cdc6 functions in the assembly of pre-replicative complexes and is specifically required to load the Mcm2-7 replicative helicase complex at replication origins. Cdc6 is targeted for protein degradation by multiple mechanisms in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, although only a single pathway and E3 ubiquitin ligase for Cdc6 has been identified, the SCF(Cdc4) (Skp1/Cdc53/F-box protein) complex. Notably, Cdc6 is unstable during the G(1) phase of the cell cycle, but the ubiquitination pathway has not been previously identified. Using a genetic approach, we identified two additional E3 ubiquitin ligase components required for Cdc6 degradation, the F-box protein Dia2 and the Hect domain E3 Tom1. Both Dia2 and Tom1 control Cdc6 turnover during G(1) phase of the cell cycle and act separately from SCF(Cdc4). Ubiquitination of Cdc6 is significantly reduced in dia2? and tom1? cells. Tom1 and Dia2 each independently immunoprecipitate Cdc6, binding to a C-terminal region of the protein. Tom1 and Dia2 cannot compensate for each other in Cdc6 degradation. Cdc6 and Mcm4 chromatin association is aberrant in tom1? and dia2? cells in G(1) phase. Together, these results present evidence for a novel degradation pathway that controls Cdc6 turnover in G(1) that may regulate pre-replicative complex assembly.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|