The interconversion of glycerol 3-phosphate and dihydroxyacetone phosphate by glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenases provides a link between carbohydrate and lipid metabolism and provides Saccharomyces cerevisiae with protection against osmotic and anoxic stress. The first structure of a glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase from S. cerevisiae, GPD1, is reported at 2.45 A resolution. The asymmetric unit contains two monomers, each of which is organized with N- and C-terminal domains. The N-terminal domain contains a classic Rossmann fold with the (beta-alpha-beta-alpha-beta)(2) motif typical of many NAD(+)-dependent enzymes, while the C-terminal domain is mainly alpha-helical. Structural and phylogenetic comparisons reveal four main structure types among the five families of glycerol-3-phosphate and glycerol-1-phosphate dehydrogenases and reveal that the Clostridium acetobutylican protein with PDB code 3ce9 is a glycerol-1-phosphate dehydrogenase.
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