Reference: Braten O, et al. (2012) Generation of free ubiquitin chains is up-regulated in stress and facilitated by the HECT domain ubiquitin ligases UFD4 and HUL5. Biochem J 444(3):611-7

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Abstract


Polyubiquitin chains serve a variety of physiological roles. Typically the chains are bound covalently to a protein substrate and in many cases target it for degradation by the 26S proteasome. However, several studies have demonstrated the existence of free polyubiquitin chains which are not linked to a specific substrate. Several physiological functions have been attributed to these chains, among them playing a role in signal transduction and serving as storage of ubiquitin for utilization under stress. In the present study, we have established a system for the detection of free ubiquitin chains and monitoring their level under changing conditions. Using this system, we show that UFD4 (ubiquitin fusion degradation 4), a HECT (homologous with E6-AP C-terminus) domain ubiquitin ligase, is involved in free chain generation. We also show that generation of these chains is stimulated in response to a variety of stresses, particularly those caused by DNA damage. However, it appears that the stress-induced synthesis of free chains is catalyzed by a different ligase, HUL5 (HECT ubiquitin ligase 5), which is also a HECT domain E3.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't | Comparative Study
Authors
Braten O, Shabek N, Kravtsova-Ivantsiv Y, Ciechanover A
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