Ashbya gossypii is a natural overproducer of riboflavin. Overproduction of riboflavin can be induced by environmental stress, e.g. nutritional or oxidative stress. The Yap-protein family has a well-documented role in stress response. Particularly, Yap1 has a major role in directing the oxidative stress responses. The A. gossypii YAP-family consists of only three genes in contrast to its closest relative Eremothecium cymbalariae, which has four YAP-homologs. Gene order at Eremothecium YAP-loci is conserved with the reconstructed yeast ancestor. AgYap1p is unique amongst Yap-homologs as it lacks the cysteine-rich domains (CRDs). AgYAP1 expression is inducible and GFP-AgYap1 localizes to the nucleus. Agyap1 mutants displayed higher sensitivity against oxidative stress - H(2)O(2) and menadione - and are strongly reduced in riboflavin production. High levels of cAMP, which also reduce riboflavin production, show a synergistic effect on this sensitivity. AgYAP1 and a chimera of AgYAP1 (with the DNA-binding domain) and ScYAP1 (with the CRDs) can both complement the Scyap1 oxidative stress sensitivity. This suggests that the DNA-binding sites of ScYap1 are conserved in A. gossypii. Expression of AgRIB4, which contains three putative Yap1-binding sites, assayed via a lacZ-reporter gene was strongly reduced in an Agyap1 mutant suggesting a direct involvement of AgYap1 in riboflavin production. Furthermore, our data show that application of H(2)O(2) stress leads to an increase in riboflavin production in a Yap1-dependent manner.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|