Take our Survey

Reference: Rothenbusch U, et al. (2012) Sumoylation regulates Kap114-mediated nuclear transport. EMBO J 31(11):2461-72

Reference Help

Abstract

The nuclear import receptor Kap114 carries transcription factors and other cargos across nuclear pores into the nucleus. Here we show that yeast Kap114 is modified by SUMO (small ubiquitin-related modifier) and that sumoylation is required for Kap114-mediated nuclear import. Among the four known SUMO-specific E3 ligases in yeast, Mms21 is the preferred E3 enzyme responsible for the covalent attachment of SUMO to the Kap114 protein. Kap114 is sumoylated on lysine residue 909, which is part of a ?KxD/E sumoylation consensus motif. Kap114 containing a lysine-to-arginine point mutation at position 909 mislocalizes to the nucleus and is defective in promoting nuclear import. Similarly, mutants defective in sumoylation or desumoylation specifically accumulate Kap114 in the nucleus and are blocked in import of Kap114 cargos. Ran-GTP is not sufficient to disassemble Kap114/cargo complexes, which necessitates additional cargo release mechanisms in the nucleus. Remarkably, sumoylation of Kap114 greatly stimulates cargo dissociation in vitro. We propose that sumoylation occurs at the site of Kap114 cargo function and that SUMO is a cargo release factor involved in intranuclear targeting.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Rothenbusch U, Sawatzki M, Chang Y, Caesar S, Schlenstedt G
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations

Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference