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Reference: Kurihara Y, et al. (2012) Surveillance of 3' Noncoding Transcripts Requires FIERY1 and XRN3 in Arabidopsis. G3 (Bethesda) 2(4):487-98

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Abstract


Eukaryotes possess several RNA surveillance mechanisms that prevent undesirable aberrant RNAs from accumulating. Arabidopsis XRN2, XRN3, and XRN4 are three orthologs of the yeast 5'-to-3' exoribonuclease, Rat1/Xrn2, that function in multiple RNA decay pathways. XRN activity is maintained by FIERY1 (FRY1), which converts the XRN inhibitor, adenosine 3', 5'-bisphosphate (PAP), into 5'AMP. To identify the roles of XRNs and FRY1 in suppression of non-coding RNAs, strand-specific genome-wide tiling arrays and deep strand-specific RNA-Seq analyses were carried out in fry1 and xrn single and double mutants. In fry1-6, about 2000 new transcripts were identified that extended the 3' end of specific mRNAs; many of these were also observed in genotypes that possess the xrn3-3 mutation, a partial loss-of-function allele. Mutations in XRN2 and XRN4 in combination with xrn3-3 revealed only a minor effect on 3' extensions, indicating that these genes may be partially redundant with XRN3. We also observed the accumulation of 3' remnants of many DCL1-processed microRNA (miRNA) precursors in fry1-6 and xrn3-3. These findings suggest that XRN3, in combination with FRY1, is required to prevent the accumulation of 3' extensions that arise from thousands of mRNA and miRNA precursor transcripts.FAU - Kurihara, Yuki.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Kurihara Y, Schmitz RJ, Nery JR, Schultz MD, Okubo-Kurihara E, Morosawa T, Tanaka M, Toyoda T, Seki M, Ecker JR
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