The key regulators of intracellular trafficking, Ypt/Rab GTPases, are stimulated by specific upstream activators and, when activated, recruit specific downstream effectors to mediate membrane-transport events. The yeast Ypt1 and its human functional homolog hRab1 regulate both endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-to-Golgi transport and autophagy. However, it is not clear whether the mechanism by which these GTPases regulate autophagy depends on their well-documented function in ER-to-Golgi transport. Here, we identify Atg11, the preautophagosomal structure (PAS) organizer, as a downstream effector of Ypt1 and show that the Ypt1-Atg11 interaction is required for PAS assembly under normal growth conditions. Moreover, we show that Ypt1 and Atg11 colocalize with Trs85, a Ypt1 activator subunit, and together they regulate selective autophagy. Finally, we show that Ypt1 and Trs85 interact on Atg9-containing membranes, which serve as a source for the membrane component of the PAS. Together our results define a Ypt/Rab module--comprising an activator, GTPase, and effector--that orchestrates the onset of selective autophagy, a process vital for cell homeostasis. Furthermore, because Atg11 does not play a role in ER-to-Golgi transport, we demonstrate here that Ypt/Rabs can regulate two independent membrane-transport processes by recruiting process-specific effectors.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|