Yeasts isolated from Italian beverages and foods (wine and cheeses) were identified as Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Debaryomyces hansenii by sequencing the D1/D2 domain of the 26S rRNA gene and differentiated, at strain level, by microsatellite PCR fingerprinting and RAPD-PCR. All the strains showed antioxidant activity, as demonstrated by their ability to scavenge the free radical diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH). Furthermore, tested strains revealed high in vitro inhibitory activity against two model genotoxins, 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide (4-NQO) and N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG), as showed by short-term methods with different target cells: SOS-Chromotest with Escherichia coli PQ37 and Comet assay with HT-29 enterocytes. High inhibitory activity towards 4-NQO was associated with cell viability, while heat-inactivated cells showed a reduced antigenotoxic capability. Surprisingly, high inhibition of MNNG genotoxicity was observed even with heat-treated cells. Moreover, the strains able to inhibit the genotoxins induced some changes in the spectroscopic properties of the original compound. This result perfectly agrees with the information obtained by the two bioassays. Interestingly, strains characterized for antioxidant and antigenotoxic properties, also presented acid-bile tolerance, indicating that food autochthonous yeasts could be expected to reach gut in viable form and thus prevent genotoxin DNA damage in situ.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|