Reference: Stead BE, et al. (2011) Phosphorylation of Mcm2 modulates Mcm2-7 activity and affects the cell's response to DNA damage. Nucleic Acids Res 39(16):6998-7008

Reference Help

Abstract


The S-phase kinase, DDK controls DNA replication through phosphorylation of the replicative helicase, Mcm2-7. We show that phosphorylation of Mcm2 at S164 and S170 is not essential for viability. However, the relevance of Mcm2 phosphorylation is demonstrated by the sensitivity of a strain containing alanine at these positions (mcm2(AA)) to methyl methanesulfonate (MMS) and caffeine. Consistent with a role for Mcm2 phosphorylation in response to DNA damage, the mcm2(AA) strain accumulates more RPA foci than wild type. An allele with the phosphomimetic mutations S164E and S170E (mcm2(EE)) suppresses the MMS and caffeine sensitivity caused by deficiencies in DDK function. In vitro, phosphorylation of Mcm2 or Mcm2(EE) reduces the helicase activity of Mcm2-7 while increasing DNA binding. The reduced helicase activity likely results from the increased DNA binding since relaxing DNA binding with salt restores helicase activity. The finding that the ATP site mutant mcm2(K549R) has higher DNA binding and less ATPase than mcm2(EE), but like mcm2(AA) results in drug sensitivity, supports a model whereby a specific range of Mcm2-7 activity is required in response to MMS and caffeine. We propose that phosphorylation of Mcm2 fine-tunes the activity of Mcm2-7, which in turn modulates DNA replication in response to DNA damage.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Stead BE, Brandl CJ, Davey MJ
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference