[ISP+] is a prion form of the global transcriptional regulator Sfp1 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae that manifests phenotypically as an antisuppressor of specific sup35 nonsense suppressor mutations. Although SUP35 is a Sfp1 target, the mechanism of antisuppression is unclear. Here we show that the level of SUP35 transcription in [ISP+] cells containing the sup35 mutation is increased relative to [isp-] cells and cells with a SFP1 deletion. As a result, [ISP+] cells have increased amounts of Sup35 encoded by the mutant allele. Indeed, additional experiments showed that increased amounts of mutant Sup35 may cause antisuppression. Remarkably, [ISP+] effects are not equivalent to those produced by SFP1 deletion, so [ISP+] represents an obvious example of a functionally active prion form of a protein. This feature distinguishes [ISP+] from other yeast prions, where prion switch often has the same effect as inactivation of a prion host gene. We suggest that enhancement of SUP35 expression in [ISP+] cells is caused by specific interaction of Sfp1 in its prion form with some negative SUP35 regulator. We also demonstrate that the advantage of [ISP+] strains over [isp-] strains described in our earlier work is specific for certain genetic background and growth conditions.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|