Ubiquitin conjugating enzyme 1 (Ubc1) is a member of the E2 family of enzymes that conjugates ubiquitin to damaged proteins destined for degradation by the ubiquitin proteasomal system. It is necessary for stress tolerance and is essential for cell survival in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Ubc1 has five serine residues that are potential substrates for phosphorylation by kinases. However, no data are available to indicate that Ubc1 function or stress tolerance in S. cerevisiae is regulated by serine phosphorylation of Ubc1. We demonstrate that Ubc1 is phosphorylated in serine residue(s). Furthermore, expression of Ubc1 mutants that are 'constitutively phosphorylated' or 'dephosphorylated' in mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase serine residues (S97 and S115) affected tolerance to thermal and reductive stress in S. cerevisiae. Specifically, expression of Ubc1S97A and S115D increased thermo-tolerance in both BY4741 and TetO7 -UBC1ura3? cells. Serine phosphorylation of Ubc1 was decreased in BY4741 cells following exposure at 40??C. Tolerance to reductive stress in the same strains correlated with the expression of Ubc1S97A. Ubc1 phosphorylation did not show significant alteration under similar conditions. Both hog1? and slt2? cells expressing Ubc1S115D and Ubc1S115A were rendered tolerant to thermal and reductive stress respectively. Ubc1 phosphorylation was higher in BY4741 cells compared to hog1? cells at 30??C and was significantly reduced in BY4741 cells upon exposure at 40??C. Taken together, the cell survival assays and Ubc1 phosphorylation status in strains and under conditions as described above suggest that tolerance to thermal and reductive stress in S. cerevisiae may be regulated by MAP kinase-mediated phosphorylation of Ubc1S97 and S115.
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|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|