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Reference: Carroll JS, et al. (2011) The DExD/H box ATPase Dhh1 functions in translational repression, mRNA decay, and processing body dynamics. J Cell Biol 194(4):527-37

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Abstract

Translation, storage, and degradation of messenger ribonucleic acids (mRNAs) are key steps in the posttranscriptional control of gene expression, but how mRNAs transit between these processes remains poorly understood. In this paper, we functionally characterized the DExD/H box adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) Dhh1, a critical regulator of the cytoplasmic fate of mRNAs. Using mRNA tethering experiments in yeast, we showed that Dhh1 was sufficient to move an mRNA from an active state to translational repression. In actively dividing cells, translational repression was followed by mRNA decay; however, deleting components of the 5'-3' decay pathway uncoupled these processes. Whereas Dhh1's ATPase activity was not required to induce translational inhibition and mRNA decay when directly tethered to an mRNA, ATP hydrolysis regulated processing body dynamics and the release of Dhh1 from these RNA-protein granules. Our results place Dhh1 at the interface of translation and decay controlling whether an mRNA is translated, stored, or decayed.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Authors
Carroll JS, Munchel SE, Weis K
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