The role of clathrin light chain (CLC) in clathrin-mediated endocytosis is not completely understood. Previous studies showed that the CLC N-terminus (CLC-NT) binds the Hip1/Hip1R/Sla2 family of membrane/actin-binding factors and that overexpression of the CLC-NT in yeast suppresses endocytic defects of clathrin heavy-chain mutants. To elucidate the mechanistic basis for this suppression, we performed synthetic genetic array analysis with a clathrin CLC-NT deletion mutation (clc1-?19-76). clc1-?19-76 suppressed the internalization defects of null mutations in three late endocytic factors: amphiphysins (rvs161 and rvs167) and verprolin (vrp1). In actin sedimentation assays, CLC binding to Sla2 inhibited Sla2 interaction with F-actin. Furthermore, clc1-?19-76 suppression of the rvs and vrp phenotypes required the Sla2 actin-binding talin-Hip1/R/Sla2 actin-tethering C-terminal homology domain, suggesting that clc1-?19-76 promotes internalization by prolonging actin engagement by Sla2. We propose that CLC directs endocytic progression by pruning the Sla2-actin attachments in the clathrin lattice, providing direction for membrane internalization.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|