Take our Survey

Reference: Monzote L, et al. (2011) Synthetic chromanol derivatives and their interaction with complex III in mitochondria from bovine, yeast, and Leishmania. Chem Res Toxicol 24(10):1678-85

Reference Help

Abstract


Synthetic chromanol derivatives (TMC4O, 6-hydroxy-2,2,7,8-tetramethyl-chroman-4-one; TMC2O, 6-hydroxy-4,4,7,8-tetramethyl-chroman-2-one; and Twin, 1,3,4,8,9,11-hexamethyl-6,12-methano-12H-dibenzo[d,g][1,3]dioxocin-2,10-diol) share structural elements with the potent inhibitor of the mitochondrial cytochrome (cyt) bc(1) complex stigmatellin. Studies with isolated bovine cyt bc(1) complex demonstrated that these compounds partially inhibit the mammalian enzyme. The aim of this work was to comparatively investigate these toxicological aspects of synthetic vitamin E derivatives in mitochondria of different species. The chromanols and atovaquone as reference compound were evaluated for their inhibition of the cyt bc(1) activity in mitochondrial fractions from bovine hearts, yeast, and Leishmania. In addition, compounds were evaluated in vitro for their inhibitory activity against whole-cell Leishmania and mouse peritoneal macrophages. In these organisms, the chromanols showed a species-selective inhibition of the cyt bc(1) activity different from that of atovaquone. While in atovaquone the side chain mediates species-selectivity, the marked differences for TMC2O and TMC4O in cyt bc(1) inhibition suggests that direct substitution of the chromanol headgroup will control selectivity in these compounds. Low micromolar concentrations of TMC2O (IC(50) = 9.5 ? 0.5 ?M) inhibited the growth of Leishmania, and an esterified TMC2CO derivative inhibited the cyt bc(1) activity with an IC(50) of 4.9 ? 0.9 ?M. These findings suggest that certain chromanols also exhibit beyond their antioxidative properties antileishmanial activities and that TMC2O derivatives could be useful toward the development of highly active antiprotozoal compounds.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Monzote L, Stamberg W, Patel A, Rosenau T, Maes L, Cos P, Gille L
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference