Gpx2, one of three glutathione peroxidase homologs (Gpx1, Gpx2, and Gpx3) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, is an atypical 2-Cys peroxiredoxin that prefers to use thioredoxin as a reducing agent in vitro. Despite Gpx2 being an antioxidant, no obvious phenotype of gpx2? mutant cells in terms of oxidative stress has yet been found. To gain a clue as to Gpx2's physiological function in vivo, here we identify its intracellular distribution. Gpx2 was found to exist in the cytoplasm and mitochondria. In mitochondria, Gpx2 was associated with the outer membrane of the cytoplasmic-side, as well as the inner membrane of the matrix-side. The redox state of the mitochondrial Gpx2 was regulated by Trx1 and Trx2 (cytoplasmic thioredoxin), and by Trx3 (mitochondrial matrix thioredoxin). In addition, we found that the disruption of GPX2 reduced the sporulation efficiency of diploid cells.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|