Rad51 is a key enzyme involved in DNA double-strand break repair by homologous recombination. Here, we show that in response to DNA damage, budding yeast Rad51 is phosphorylated on Ser 192 in a manner that is primarily mediated by the DNA-damage-responsive protein kinase Mec1. We show that mutating Rad51 Ser 192 to Ala or Glu confers hypersensitivity to DNA damage and homologous-recombination defects. Furthermore, biochemical analyses indicate that Ser 192 is required for Rad51 adenosine triphosphate hydrolysis and DNA-binding activity in vitro, whereas mutation of Ser 192 does not interfere with Rad51 multimer formation. These data suggest a model in which Mec1-mediated phosphorylation of Rad51 Ser 192 in response to DNA damage controls Rad51 activity and DNA repair by homologous recombination.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|