Reference: Ma W, et al. (2011) Characterizing resection at random and unique chromosome double-strand breaks and telomere ends. Methods Mol Biol 745:15-31

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Abstract


Resection of DNA double-strand break (DSB) ends, which results in 3(') single-stranded tails, is an early event of DSB repair and can be a critical determinant in choice of repair pathways and eventual genome stability. Current techniques for examining resection are restricted to model in vivo systems with defined substrates (i.e., HO-endonuclease targets). We present here a robust assay that can analyze not only the resection of site-specific DSBs which typically have "clean" double-strand ends but also random "dirty-ended" DSBs such as those generated by ionizing radiation and chemotherapeutic agents. The assay is based on our finding that yeast chromosomes with single-stranded DNA tails caused by resection are less mobile during pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) than those without a tail. In combination with the use of a circular chromosome and enzymatic trimming of single-stranded DNA, resection of random DSBs can be easily detected and analyzed. This mobility-shift assay provides a unique opportunity to examine the mechanisms of resection, early events in DSB repair, as well as factors involved in pathway regulation.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Ma W, Westmoreland J, Nakai W, Malkova A, Resnick MA
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