Resection of DNA double-strand break (DSB) ends, which results in 3(') single-stranded tails, is an early event of DSB repair and can be a critical determinant in choice of repair pathways and eventual genome stability. Current techniques for examining resection are restricted to model in vivo systems with defined substrates (i.e., HO-endonuclease targets). We present here a robust assay that can analyze not only the resection of site-specific DSBs which typically have "clean" double-strand ends but also random "dirty-ended" DSBs such as those generated by ionizing radiation and chemotherapeutic agents. The assay is based on our finding that yeast chromosomes with single-stranded DNA tails caused by resection are less mobile during pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) than those without a tail. In combination with the use of a circular chromosome and enzymatic trimming of single-stranded DNA, resection of random DSBs can be easily detected and analyzed. This mobility-shift assay provides a unique opportunity to examine the mechanisms of resection, early events in DSB repair, as well as factors involved in pathway regulation.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|