Pyruvate phosphate dikinase (PPDK, EC 126.96.36.199) from the hyperthermophile Thermotoga maritima was biochemically characterized with the aim of establishing a colorimetric assay for inorganic pyrophosphate (PPi). When heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli, T. maritima PPDK (TmPPDK) was far more stable any other PPDK reported so far: it retained >90% of its activity after incubation for 1 h at 80?C, and >80% of its activity after incubation for 20 min at pHs ranging from 6.5 to 10.5 (50?C). In contrast to PPDKs from protozoa and plants, this TmPPDK showed very long-term stability at low temperature: full activity was retained even after storage for at least 2 years at 4?C. TmPPDK was successfully applied to a novel colorimetric PPi assay, which employed (i) a PPi cycling reaction using TmPPDK and nicotinamide mononucleotide adenylyltransferase (EC 188.8.131.52) from Saccharomyces cerevisiae and (ii) a NAD cycling reaction to accumulate reduced nitroblue tetrazolium (diformazan). This enabled detection of 0.2 ?M PPi, making this method applicable for preliminary measurement of PPi levels in PCR products in an automatic clinical analyzer.
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|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|